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For centuries, the Damascus rose (Rosa damascena) has been considered a symbol of beauty, love, and happiness.  Our word "rose" goes back to the Greek word of red, rodos.  The Romans, who scented their wine with rose petals, connected the flower with Venus, the goddess of love (1).

 

Source: The Roses of Heliogabalus

The origin of Damascus rose is the Middle East, and some evidences indicate that the origin of rose water is Iran, but the origin of its fragrant oil and extracts is Greece (2).  There are many evidences that cultivation and consumption of Damascus rose in Iran has a long history and Iran is one of its origins (2).  It is believed that the distillation of roses for the oil was originated from in the late 7th century AD, and spread to the provinces of later in 14th century.  But a  Persian scientist by the name of Avicenna, is credited with the invention of the process for extracting rose water from rose petals in the early 11th century (1). 

 

A distillation plant in Damascus consisting of multiple units for producing rose water (13thCentury) (3)

The distillation technique became popular in the Middle East in the early Middle Ages, and was brought to Europe by the crusaders.  The fruits of the rosebush, know as "rose hips", were harvested, too, and boiled down to make fragrant syrup (6).  At medieval banquets roses were used to perfume the water for hand washing at table.  Physicians praised roses for their supposes power to heal eye diseases (6).  Thus, the rose water were used as the traditional medicine in Egypt, Greece, China, and India because of its remarkable healing properties. (4). 

The most usage of Rose water is in religious ceremonies. It is used in mosques especially at mourning ceremonies, to calm and relax people. The highest quality rose water is produced in Kashan (2).  Kaaba (God House) in , is washed yearly by unique and special rose water of Kashan.  Rose water is also of high value in the food industry and some special foods are prepared using this product (2).  Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used heavily in Persian and Middle east cuisine- in sweets such as nougat, raahat and baklava. For example, rose water is used to give some types of loukoum (or "Turkish Delight") their distinctive flavors (5). 

Besides rose water being used medicinally and nutritionally, it is obviously a usual component of perfume.

 

Dear Customers,

 

If you wish to order our rose water product(s), simple drop us an email at info@starproducts.com.hk.  Please indicate the number of rose water bottles you wish to purchase, your name and contact number, and the address to be delivered.  If you are referred by our VIP customers, please also mention her or his name(s).  

 

If you prefer to make the order via telephone, please call us at +852-3563-6100 during office hours during 10:00 am to 5:00 pm from Monday through Friday.   

 

Best regards,

The Rose Water Sales Team